SECTION OF BATH 17th CENTURY                                                                                                                                                                                                3D OF THE BUILDING

History

Hamam (bath) are called the public baths which are heated by a specific procedure and there is hot and cold water at the same time. Although the history of the steam bath extends to the Romans, today when we say “hamam" we mean “Turkish".  Around the world it is known as “Turkish Baths”.

The Turkish bath is connected with the Islamic world. Body wash was imposed by the Quran with the belief that by washing the body the sins of the soul were eliminated. Hamam developed quickly as public bath because of lack of hygiene in houses. The public baths, with windows and fountains, were the first public utility projects in cities which were occupied by the Ottomans. Across the empire, between 15th and 17th century, many hamams were built.

Ancient Greek baths were originally intended, exclusively, for use by athletes of the Palaestra in Gymnasium. Since the 5th century BC they were also developed in cities and outside sports grounds with the name Valania. They were simple rooms, originally made by stone, plastered that were warmed with stoves in the same or adjoining room. The “Dome” was a space with typical Greek element and circular plan form. There were individual basins, pelvis, for total or partial immersion, carved in rock, made by mason or marble. They were arranged in series along the wall with sides which were protecting from the water of the person sitting next. Over the pelvis were niches in the wall for cloth drop. They were often built in areas with natural thermal waters.

One of the two public baths in Rethymno, remained from the Ottoman period, which is located in Nikiforos Fokas street 36-38 (Makri Steno), was leading from the outer walls to the fortress entrance of the Venetian Castle, Fortezza.  The bath was already made in one of the main streets of the Venetian city.
The building is a listed monument as a historical monument “OTHONIKOS LOUTRONAS”. Served in the begging as Hamam, until the population exchange in 1925, later it was used as a bakery.

Nowadays, after aesthetical and functional interventions, works as a traditional guesthouse offering three suites while the original use of the Turkish bath Hammam has been restored.

 

                                  

    GROUND FLOOR PLAN OF HAMAM                                                                                                                                                                  SECTION OF THE BATH BUILDING 20TH CENTURY